Brunei has outlawed some sexual acts and introduced stoning as a punishment for them under strict Islamic law, leading to widespread criticism around the world.

Being gay has long been against the law in the kingdom with gay people facing ten-year prison sentences if prosecuted.

It appears to be out of step with many nations as more and more countries around the world are introducing laws to protect the LGBT population.

Yet Brunei is not the only place where it can be a crime to be gay.

And, in fact, in some otherwise democratic countries, gay people are discriminated against or even punished because of their sexual orientation.

This map shows the current situation of sexual orientation laws in each country around the world in 2019, according to the data reported by The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA).

Sexual Orientation Laws in the world 2019, The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA)

According to Equaldex, there are 71 countries where homosexuality activity is illegal, while same-sex marriage is banned in 70 countries. Even in some democratic nations, same-sex relationship may still be outlawed and not under government protection.

They include:

LGBT rights are basically well protected in Mauritius. It is legal for people to change their legal gender without having surgery, and ‘conversion’ therapy is forbidden. Discrimination against LGBT people is prohibited in the key areas of employment or housing. Same-sex couples are allowed to adopt a child, but same-sex marriage is illegal. Homosexual people have the same age of sexual consent as heterosexuals but sodomy is a crime for which people can be imprisoned for up to five years.

LGBT people are currently under limited protection in Botswana. Discrimination is forbidden in some sectors of employment and housing. People have the right to change their legal gender without surgery. The same-sex marriage is currently not legal and homosexual activity is forbidden for men who can be fined or face up to seven years in prison.

In Jamaica, although homosexual people can legally change their gender without having surgery, generally there is no discrimination protection for LGBT people. It is illegal for men to have homosexual activity which can lead to the prison sentence for around 7-14 years. Although homosexual people can agree to have sex of the equal age as heterosexuals, basically it is illegal for people to have a same-sex marriage in Jamaica.

LGBT discrimination protection is generally not provided to Malaysian gay people in most areas except the workplace. Homosexual activity is illegal for men who can face a prison sentence for of 2-14 years. Although there is currently no law criminalising same-sex marriage, only a married couple can adopt a child. Gay people are not allowed to change legal gender.

Homosexual activity is illegal for men and women in Guyana, and they may be sentenced up to life in prison. Same-sex marriage is still not permitted and people may not change their legal gender, but therapy to change sexual orientation is not forbidden. Child adoption is currently not permitted for same-sex couples.

Source: Equaldex

For more information about LGBT rights in different countries, visit the Equaldex website or The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA).